Legal Focus

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Choosing Safe Stops for School Buses and School Vehicles

Planning routes and choosing stops for school buses and school vehicles is not an easy task. Stops can vary greatly depending on geographic area – some students may live on or near roads that require pickup or discharge on the road, yet others may require a pickup or discharge off the road. While school transportation contractors typically develop routes and stops in conjunction with their partnering school district, there are statutory and regulatory limitations, and safety considerations, tha...
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3/4/2024| Reference Number : 259.214| Legal, School Bus | Illegal Passing, Bus Stops, Loading Zones, Pennsylvania |

New York Implements “Under the Hood” CDL Testing Exemption to Enhance Driver Recruiting and Retention

In January 2024, New York Governor Kathy Hochul directed the state Department of Motor Vehicles to implement the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration’s (“FMCSA”) Under the Hood (“UTH”) CDL Testing Exemption, in an effort to enhance school bus driver recruiting. This initiative is also known as the “School Bus Only CDL” because it allows school bus operators to simplify the CDL training process for candidates who are obtaining their CDL for the purpose of driving a “School Bus Only...
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Act 56 (HB 1507) Changes the 180 Annual School Days Requirement

On December 14, 2023 Act 56 of 2023 (formerly HB 1507) was signed by Gov. Shapiro changing the annual instructional time requirement from “180 days and 990 secondary and 900 elementary hours” to either 180 days or 900/990 hours. Contractor awareness and planning will be critical as schools contemplate school calendar changes that could be at odds with existing multi-year transportation contracts, impacting driver recruiting, retention, operations, and costs in significant ways.
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Administering Emergency Medication on the School Bus

School transportation contractors in Pennsylvania may find themselves in a situation where a school district customer is requesting that the transportation contractor carry certain emergency medications and treatments on the school bus. For some, school districts may have inquired about carrying and administering naloxone nasal spray (commonly referred to its brand name Narcan). Some Pennsylvania transportation contractors have also been down this road before with school districts requesting tha...
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12/20/2023| Reference Number : 259.210| Legal, School Bus | Narcan, Epi-Pen, Civil Immunity, Nurse |

The Biden Administration Proposed Overtime Rule – How This May Affect Your Business

Once again, the United States Department of Labor (the “Department’) is looking to expand eligibility for overtime pay required under the Fair Labor Standards Act (the “FLSA”). The newly proposed rule was announced by the Department on August 30, 2023, and subsequently published in the federal register on September 8, 2023. Continue reading for an overview of what the current overtime law requires, what the proposed rule seeks to change, and how your business may be affected.
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Requests for Bids (“RFB’s”) For School Transportation Contracts in New York

School transportation contracts in New York are subject to statutory bid or proposal processes that allows school districts to compare offers, with varying degrees of detail. The most simple of the two statutory bidding processes is the Request for Bid (RFB). This article discusses the statutory RFB process in New York for school bus contracts, and explains how contracts are awarded by school districts in compliance with New York’s RFB laws.  
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8/18/2023| Reference Number : 205.0| Legal, School Bus, Insurance/Risk Management | New York, Request for Bids |

Registering Your School Buses in Pennsylvania – A Closer Look

Contractors who plan to provide services beyond traditional home-to-school transportation often have questions about what Pennsylvania registration is best for their needs. While each type of school bus registration has a specific intended purpose, many of the use categories overlap. So, each contractor may have a different approach regarding what PA license plate works best for their school buses. Continue reading for information about each of the license plate types available for school bus op...
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